is the second largest city of Rajasthan. Also Christened as Blue city because most of its architecture – be it forts, palaces, havelis, temples or houses are dressed in vibrant shade of blue. It is mainly because to combat very bright and scorching Sun which the city experience throughout the year. Thus, it is also known as Suncity.
Jodhpur was founded by Rao Jodha 15th ruler of Rathore Clan in the year 1459. Rao Jodha ruler of Marwar had his capital in Mandore city. He shifted it to Jodhpur for security reasons. Remains of Mandore is still visible in the Mandore Gardens. Natives of Jodhpur are also known as Marwari as they belong to Kingdom of Marwar.
The old city surrounds the Fort and is circles by the wall which has many gates.
1. Mehrangarh Fort
Glistening red stand stone structure upstanding 410 feet above Jodhpur’s purview, circled by thick walls, is one of the most magnanimous forts in India. The fort’s foundation was laid in 1459 by Rao Jodha on Bakhurcheeria, a rocky hill, 9 kilometres to the south of Mandore. The Fort is known for its baroque carvings and widespread courtyards.
7 Gates guard the Fort. Jay-Pol, the north east gate, which serves as the main entrance was built by Maharaja Mansingh in 1808. Dudh Kangra Pol was an external Gate before jayPol. The rich Museum of Mehrangarh fort displays old royal Palanquin, arms, costumes and paintings of that period. The Fort is open for visitors from 9:00AM to 17:00PM all weekdays.
2. Khejarla Fort
14 kilometres from Jodhpur airport, this 400 years old fort has now been converted into a hotel. Khejarla Fort is a work of art which have served 14 generations of Rajput dynasty. The Fort has given 550 books of history and literature of Marwar. The village near the Fort house a temple of Goddess Durga, which is believed to be 600 years old.
3. Umaid Bhawan Palace
Built in yellow sand stone from 1929 to 1943 to provide employment to thousands of people during the time of famine. The Fort is named after Maharaja Umaid Singh. It has 26 acres of garden and 347 rooms. Interesting facts about Umaid Bhawan Palace
- It is the last Palace built before independence
- Holds the privilege of being largest private residence
- It is divided into three parts–the palace, hotel and museum
- It was built to help people in difficult times
4. Sardar Samand Lake Palace
60 kilometres south east of Jodhpur on Jodhpur Pali Road Sardar Samand Lake is situated. The lake enchants innumerable varieties of migratory birds. Attracted by its tranquil waters, tourists come here to enjoy peace and privacy. Interesting drive from Jodhpur to the lake keeps you entranced. Blackbuck nilgai and chinkara can be easily spotted on the way.
On a hill inspecting the Sardar Samand Lake is the summer palace of Maharaja Umaid Singh. A hunting lodge of the Royals which now has been transformed into a hotel. The museum of a of the palace is tremendously appreciated for its display of weapons, stuffed leopard, a very large banner presented by Queen Victoria and magnificent collection of clocks.
5. Bal Samand Lake Palace
5 kilometres from Jodhpur on Jodhpur Mandore Road Bal Samand Lake was built in 1559 a.d. by Gurjara Pratihara rulers. It was basically constructed as a resolve reservoir to give water to the people of Mandore.
The Bal Samand Lake Palace surrounded by luxurious Garden was built afterwards as a summer palace on its shore. This Heritage Hotel has 10 Royal suites and 26 other rooms.
6. Jaswant Thanda
Jaswant thanda is a memorial located in Jodhpur, built by Maharaja Sardar Singh in 1899 in the memory of his father Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. The memorial is built out of very thin and polished marble sheets with elaborate carvings.
These sheets effuse a warm glow when sunlight falls on it. Its main attractions are gazebos beautiful garden and the lake. The memorial also displays portraits maharajas of Jodhpur.
7. Chamunda Mataji Temple
Located at the southern end of Mehrangarh Fort, temple was built by Rao Jodha in 1460. The idol of Chamunda Devi was brought from Mandore. The idol is made of black stone. During the share a large number of devotees visit this Temple.
8. Mandore Gardens
This historical Garden is 9 kilometres away from Jodhpur. Before Jodhpur Mandore was the capital of Marwar. Remains of old capital can still be seen in Mandore Gardens. It has remant of Mandore Fort, the old Mandore Palace and Ravan Temple. The garden also has send cenotaphs built by different rulers of the region. It also houses a Government museum
If you are planning a trip to Jodhpur don’t forget to try Gulab Jamun ki sabzi.